Ear Infection In Babies

Ear infections happen when viruses or bacteria get into the middle ear, the space behind the eardrum. When a child has an ear infection (also called otitis media), the middle ear fills with pus (infected fluid). The pus pushes on the eardrum, which can be very painful.

What Are the Signs & Symptoms of an Ear Infection?
Ear pain is the main sign of a middle ear infection. Kids also might have:

A fever trouble eating, drinking, or sleeping. Chewing, sucking, and lying down can cause painful pressure changes in the middle ear. Older kids can complain about ear pain, but a younger child might just tug at the ear or be fussy and cry more than usual.

If the pressure from the fluid buildup gets high enough, it can rupture the eardrum, with fluid draining from the ear. This is a common cause of ruptured eardrums in children. A child with a ruptured eardrum might feel dizzy or nauseated, and have ringing or buzzing in the ear.

How Do Ear Infections Happen?
A middle ear infection usually happens because of swelling in one or both of the eustachian tubes (which connect the middle ear to the back of the throat). The tubes let mucus drain from the middle ear into the throat.

A cold, throat infection, acid reflux, or allergies can make the eustachian tubes swell. This blocks the mucus from draining. Then, viruses or bacteria grow in the mucus and make pus, which builds up in the middle ear.

When doctors refer to an ear infection, they usually mean otitis media rather than swimmer’s ear (or otitis externa). Otitis media with effusion is when noninfected fluid builds up in the ear. It might not cause symptoms, but in some kids, the fluid creates a sensation of ear fullness or “popping.”

Why Do Kids Get Ear Infections?
Kids (especially in the first 2 to 4 years of life) get ear infections more than adults do for several reasons:

Their shorter, more horizontal eustachian tubes let bacteria and viruses find their way into the middle ear more easily. The tubes are also narrower, so more likely to get blocked.
Their adenoids, gland-like structures at the back of the throat, are larger and can interfere with the opening of the eustachian tubes.
Other things that can put kids at risk include secondhand smoke, bottle-feeding, and being around other kids in childcare. Ear infections are more common in boys than girls.

Ear infections are not contagious, but the colds that sometimes cause them can be. Infections are common during winter weather, when many people get upper respiratory tract infections or colds (a child with an ear infection also might have cold symptoms, like a runny or stuffy nose or a cough).

How Long Do Ear Infections Last?
Middle ear infections often go away on their own within 2 or 3 days, even without any specific treatment.

In some cases, an infection can last longer (with fluid in the middle ear for 6 weeks or longer), even after antibiotic treatment.

How Are Ear Infections Diagnosed?
Doctors will do a physical exam and examine the ear. They use an otoscope, a small instrument similar to a flashlight, to see the eardrum.

How Are Ear Infections Treated?
To treat an ear infection, health care providers consider many things, including:

the type and severity of the ear infection
how often the child has ear infections
how long this infection has lasted
the child’s age and any risk factors
whether the infection affects hearing
The type of otitis affects treatment options. Not all kinds need to be treated with antibiotics. Because most ear infections can clear on their own, many doctors take a “wait-and-see” approach. Kids will get medicine for pain relief without antibiotics for a few days to see if the infection gets better.

Antibiotics aren’t routinely prescribed because they:

won’t help an infection caused by a virus
won’t get rid of middle ear fluid
can cause side effects
usually don’t relieve pain in the first 24 hours and have only a minimal effect after that
Also, overuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which are much harder to treat.

If a doctor does prescribe antibiotics, a 10-day course is usually recommended. Kids age 6 and older who don’t have a severe infection might take a shortened course for 5 to 7 days.

Some children, such as those with recurrent infections and those with lasting hearing loss or speech delay, may need ear tube surgery. An ear, nose, and throat doctor will surgically insert tubes (called tympanostomy tubes) that let fluid drain from the middle ear. This helps equalize the pressure in the ear.

When Else Are Antibiotics Needed?
Antibiotics can be the right treatment for kids who get a lot of ear infections. Their doctors might prescribe daily antibiotics to help prevent future infections. And younger children or those with more severe illness may need antibiotics right from the start.

The “wait-and-see” approach also might not apply to children with other concerns, such as cleft palate, genetic conditions such as Down syndrome, or other illnesses such as immune system disorders.

How Can I Help My Child Feel Better?
With or without antibiotic treatment, you can help to ease discomfort by giving your child acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and fever as needed. Your doctor also may recommend using pain-relieving ear drops as long as the eardrum isn’t ruptured.

Can Ear Infections Affect Hearing?
Fluid buildup in the middle ear also blocks sound, which can lead to temporary hearing problems. Kids having a problem might:

not respond to soft sounds
need to turn up the TV or radio
talk louder
seem inattentive at school
In kids who have otitis media with effusion, the fluid behind the eardrum can block sound, so mild temporary hearing loss can happen, but might not be obvious.

A child whose eardrum has ruptured might have ringing or buzzing in the ear and not hear as well as usual.

Can Ear Infections Be Prevented?
Some lifestyle choices can help protect kids from ear infections:

Breastfeed infants for at least 6 months to help to prevent the development of early episodes of ear infections. If a baby is bottle-fed, hold the baby at an angle instead of lying the child down with the bottle.
Prevent exposure to secondhand smoke, which can increase the number and severity of ear infections.
Parents and kids should wash their hands well and often. This is one of the most important ways to stop the spread of germs that can cause colds and, therefore, ear infections.
Keep children’s immunizations up to date because certain vaccines can help prevent ear infections.
When Should I Call the Doctor?
Very rarely, ear infections that don’t go away or severe repeated middle ear infections can lead to complications. So kids with an earache or a sense of fullness in the ear, especially when combined with fever, should be seen by their doctors if they aren’t getting better after a couple of days.

Other things can cause earaches, such as teething, a foreign object in the ear, or hard earwax. Your doctor can find the cause of your child’s discomfort and treat it.

How ear phones are ruining your ear

Earphones are highly popular these days. You can see everyone wearing earphones these days because they are highly common and they are used with every single device that you have. You can use single earphone with your mobile as well as with your laptop or desktop which makes it all-rounder.

Buying headphones is quite an easy task because there are always numerous choices available in the market. But, before you actually do that, you need to be aware of basic pros and cons of using an earphone.

There are several ways in which the earphone can be harmful for you and we have enlisted seven major harms of earphone along with their ways to counter them. This represents the right and safe use of a headset and it should be followed by every single person who uses earphone.

1. Noise Cancelling Earphones Makes You Impervious To Important Sound: Using noise cancelling earphones is highly preferable choice of music listeners these days because it allows them to completely remove the outside distraction voices while they are listening to music.

This is actually good if you look from this perspective but it also makes you unaware of other important voices around you. The best way to handle this situation is to use the noise cancelling earphone whenever it is necessary. Never wear these earphones when you are on the road.

2. Accidents Due To Careless Use Of Earphones: When you are listening music then it is quite common that you don’t pay attention to the surrounding and that can be highly dangerous when you are in the location where you can be in the contact of incoming and outgoing vehicles.

In order to avoid such harm due to careless use of earphone, you should never wear earphone while you are crossing the street or while you are in the crowded area. You should wear earphones only when you are alone and when you don’t have any risk possibilities around you.

3. Ear Infection Due To Earphone Sharing: When two people use one earphone by sharing then this does sound very affectionate act but this can be really very harmful for your ear. There is a possibility of infection due to exchange of germs.

The only way to avoid such harm while sharing the earphone with another person is to clean the earphone with tissue paper and sanitize it before use so that you can get rid of all germs and infection causing bacteria.

4. NIHL (Noise Induced Hearing Loss) Due To Loud Music: There are so many people who like loud music but it is not good for health to regularly listen to the loud music. It is necessary for you to prefer medium sound so that you can avoid causing harm to your ear tissues.

It is best to hear music on medium or low volume if you are a regular music listener so that you can avoid any temporary or permanent harm for your hearing. Or, the best way is to listen the music through speakers instead of using earphone.

5. Using Earphone While Traveling Is Worst: When you are traveling then it is not good for your bodily health to listen music. Use of earphone can be really very harmful because when you are in any vehicle like bus or train then the noise reaches to decibel level which is definitely too loud for ears.

The best way to avoid this situation is to avoid use of earphone and avoid listening music while you are traveling. In fact, when you are in the crowded and noisy place, you should not use an earphone for listening music. You can use noise cancellation earphones for such situations to protect ears from noise.

6. Hearing Loss Due To Regular Use Of Earphone: If you will use earphone regularly without taking breaks then this could be really very harmful for your ears and it could even result in temporary or permanent hearing loss.

If you want to make sure that your regular use of earphone does not affect negatively on your hearing, then you should ensure that you take breaks every now and then so that your ears can get some time for relaxation. It is highly important thing to do in order to keep your ears healthy.

7. Sleek And In-Ear Earphones Are Worst For Eardrums: Sometimes people use sleek and compact in-ear earphone because they are inspired by the movies where detective and secret agents wear small earphones that are almost invisible to the general audience. Use of it could be very bad for the ears.

Since they are too close to your ear, it is quite natural that they will harm your eardrums more than general earphone. That is why, it is highly preferred that you don’t use sleek earphones regularly just because you are attracted to them. Use of general earphones is best and most suitable choice.

How Oily Foods Are Spoiling Your Throat

Sometimes, a juicy cheeseburger and an order of hot, crispy fries simply call your name. (Greasy foods are so beloved that they have an entire day devoted to them; National Greasy Foods Day is October 25.) While it’s fine to give in to your cravings now and then, it’s important to know how your nutrition choices, and those greasy foods in particular, affect your health.

Does greasy food cause acne? Why does it make your stomach feel weird? And why is greasy food bad for you, anyway?

It strains your digestive system
“When we eat greasy foods like fried food, the sheer volume of fat puts a lot of pressure on our digestive system,” Barmmer said in an email to TIME. Of fat, carbs and protein, fat is the most slowly digested, and it requires enzymes and digestive juices, like bile and stomach acid, to break it down, she says. Everything from stress to medication can lower levels of these digestive juices, so many people are deficient to begin with, Barmmer says. Add in fat, and your digestive system will be working overtime, often leading to bloating, nausea and discomfort.

It makes you run to the bathroom
The most common symptom of digestive strain is an unpleasant one. “Sometimes you wind up seeing greasy or oily stools in these cases.” Many people also experience diarrhea and stomach pain after eating greasy food.

It throws your gut bacteria out of whack
More and more evidence suggests that what you eat affects your gut bacteria, also known as your microbiome. Downing a cheeseburger and fries, Barmmer says, isn’t doing those microorganisms any favors. “Greasy foods do not contain the nourishing, healthy fats that we find in things like avocados, fish, extra virgin olive oil and even butter,” she says. Eating more refined vegetable oils than nourishing fats, she says, tips the body’s balance of fatty acids, which in turn may throw off everything from hormone levels to immune health.

Greasy food may cause acne
You may not see zits directly after a big meal, but Barmmer says that greasy food likely does play a role in acne. “The effect is indirect, occurring over time and as a result of a dietary pattern of eating,” she says. “Acne is largely caused by hormonal imbalances and/or bacterial imbalances, so greasy foods cause acne by way of harming gut health.”

It raises your risk for heart disease and diabetes
If your diet consistently includes greasy foods, Barmmer says, you’ll likely see your risk for chronic conditions—particularly heart disease—go up. A 2014 study from researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found that people who ate fried foods between four and six times per week saw their risk for Type 2 diabetes climb 39%, and their risk for coronary heart disease increase by 23%. For people who ate it every day, those percentages only got higher.

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How do you feel when you consume oily foods

Can Dust Cause A Sinus Infection

If you have nasal congestion, facial pressure, cough and thick nasal discharge, you may have rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis.

Your sinuses are hollow cavities within your cheekbones, around your eyes and behind your nose. They contain mucus, which helps to warm, moisten and filter the air you breathe. When something blocks the mucus from draining normally, an infection can occur.

Acute Sinusitis
Acute sinusitis refers to sinusitis symptoms lasting less than four weeks. Most cases begin as a common cold. Symptoms often go away within a week to 10 days; but in some people, a bacterial infection develops.

Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis, also referred to as chronic rhinosinusitis, is often diagnosed when symptoms have gone on for more than 12 weeks, despite medical treatment.

People with allergic rhinitis or asthma are more likely to suffer from chronic sinusitis. This is because the airways are more likely to become inflamed when allergic rhinitis or asthma are present. Sinusitis may also be caused by an infection, a fungus, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or in rare cases an immune system deficiency.

Symptoms
Sinusitis symptoms, whether acute or chronic, frequently develop after a cold or during times of severe or ongoing allergic rhinitis symptoms. The most obvious sign of sinusitis is a painful pressure in the cheeks and forehead. Other symptoms include:

• Thick yellow-green nasal discharge
• Postnasal drip, often with a bad taste
• Cough
• Congestion
• Toothache
In cases of acute sinusitis, a fever may develop.

Diagnosis
Allergy testing performed by an allergist / immunologist can identify what allergic triggers might be behind your chronic or reoccurring sinus infections.

In chronic or severe cases, your doctor may also examine your nasal passages using a technique called rhinoscopy or nasal endoscopy. In this procedure, a thin, flexible instrument is inserted up the nostril to view the sinus passages and look for blockages.

Your doctor may order a MRI or CT scan to look for abnormalities in the sinuses – narrow drainage passages, polyps or a deviated septum.

Make an appointment with your doctor right away if you have: a fever, pain or swelling in the face or eye, redness on the cheek or around the eye, severe headaches, confusion or a stiff neck.

The treatment of sinusitis depends on the cause, severity and duration of symptoms.

Acute Sinusitis
Up to 70 % of people with acute sinusitis recover without any prescribed medications. If the cause is a bacterial infection, treatment with an antibiotic can shorten the duration of acute sinusitis and can also reduce the severity of symptoms. Other options for treatment include:

Decongestants or nasal sprays might help relieve your symptoms and promote drainage of the infection.
Many people find relief by using this sinus saline recipe.
Get plenty of rest, and keep your body hydrated by drinking several glasses of water a day.
Over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) may be beneficial. Do NOT give aspirin to children under the age of 18.
In addition to medications, some people with sinusitis find relief by breathing hot, moist air, using hot packs or washing the nasal cavities with a saline rinse.
Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis is typically not caused by a bacterial infection, so treating the condition with antibiotics usually doesn’t help. Avoid activities and places that may aggravate your symptoms—especially if your symptoms relate to an allergy.

Intranasal corticosteroid sprays may be appropriate for recurrent sinusitis, but only under the care of your doctor. If the diagnosis involves a fungus, your doctor may prescribe an antifungal medication.

If an allergist / immunologist has diagnosed allergies, treating these allergies by avoiding triggers or with medications or allergy shots can help prevent recurrences of sinusitis. Environmental control measures such as avoiding allergens are very important for people with rhinitis triggered by indoor allergens such as dust mites, molds or animal dander. This treatment strategy can prevent the need for surgery or prevent recurrence of disease after surgery.

When treatments or medications fail, endoscopic sinus surgery may be an option. If you are considering having sinus surgery, be sure to weigh the many factors of your condition. This can be a very complex decision and you should seek the opinion of your allergist / immunologist.

Surgery should always be viewed as a last resort in children. Before you agree to have sinus surgery performed on your child, consider getting a second opinion from an allergist / immunologist who treats pediatric sinusitis.

Sinus surgery is not a quick fix. Most patients who undergo sinus surgery will still need medical treatment to prevent the return of chronic sinusitis.

Causes and Treatments of Goitre

Causes and Treatments of Goitre

Thyroid enlargement, commonly known as goiter, may have several possible causes. Any individual may develop goiter. The risk increases with age over 40 years, and women are more likely to be affected than men.

Goiter usually occurs as a result of a change in the function or structure of the thyroid gland, which causes it to become enlarged.

Abnormal Thyroid Gland Activity
Both an overactive and an underactive thyroid gland, known as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism respectively, have the potential to cause goiter.

Graves’ disease involves the formation of an antibody called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin. This targets the thyroid gland, causing it to produce more thyroxine. This need to increase thyroid hormone production stimulates the thyroid gland to grow larger.

Hormonal Changes

Changes in hormone levels at specific periods during life may also cause goiter in some cases. In particular, changes in hormones during puberty, pregnancy and menopause can precipitate these effects. It is most likely that these changes in hormones explain the increased incidence of goiter in females, in respect to males.

For example, during pregnancy a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is produced. The increased production of this hormone can result in swelling of the thyroid gland.

Inadequate Iodine Intake
Iodine is a trace mineral that is naturally found in fish and plant foods, and is essential in the production of thyroid hormones. When there is insufficient iodine available in the body, the hormone level drops. This stimulates the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from the pituitary, which causes the thyroid gland to enlarge in an attempt to make more thyroid hormone.

Individuals with a low dietary intake of iodine are more likely to be affected by goiter. People who live inland or at high elevations are commonly deficient in iodine, as a result of lack of access to foods naturally high in iodine levels, and are therefore at risk of goiter. Additionally, some foods such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower can worsen the deficiency by inhibiting the production of thyroid hormones.

Medications

There are some medications that have the potential to cause goiter in some circumstances. For example, lithium, a medication that is often used to treat some psychological disorders or mental health conditions, can occasionally lead to goiter. Amiodarone is another medication that has been linked to increased risk of goiter.

Thyroiditis

Inflammation of the thyroid gland, known as thyroiditis, may also be associated with goiter. This can lead to either overproduction or underproduction of thyroxine, along with thyroid enlargement, often painful.

Radiotherapy

Radiation treatment directed towards the neck or chest area where the thyroid gland is situated can affect the function of the thyroid gland, and potentially cause goiter. This is often seen with patients who have undergone radiotherapy for neck cancer.

Nodules or Cysts in the Thyroid Gland
Thyroid nodules or cysts are solid or fluid-containing tissue growths within the thyroid gland. They can also affect the function of the organ, and may lead to the presentation of goiter. The majority of these nodules are benign, but in rare cases they may be malignant. For this reason, it is critical that further investigations are made if a nodule or cyst is the suspected cause of goiter.

What Are The Common Diseases Of Nose?

Common Diseases Of Nose

Definition and Overview

The nose plays an important role in the respiratory system. Aside from acting as a filter, it also ensures that the air is warm and moist before it enters the lungs. However, unlike many organs that have just a single function, the nose has other responsibilities, such as producing the sense of smell. This is particularly important as studies have shown that our sense of taste is directly related with how we smell an object.

Just by studying the multiple functions of the nose, it’s easy to understand that when it has problems, the body is affected in many ways. For example, a simple blocked nose due to a cold can result in reduced sense of taste, reduced ability to breathe, and headaches because the nose contain nerves, called olfactory nerves that transmit data to the brain.

Unfortunately, the common cold is only one of many problems that can affect the nose. Other problem can be caused by injuries, such as nasal fractures and nasal obstructions. The nose is also prone to abnormal growth, such as deviated symptom. Most of all, it’s prone to a variety of medical conditions, such as rhinitis, nasal polyps, nasal allergies, tumors, and nosebleeds.

Cause of Condition
One of the most common types of nose problems is an injury, which can damage the skin, cartilage, bone, and nerves. Research shows that 50% of facial fractures affect the nasal region. This is why the majority of injuries that involve the face require the presence of an ENT specialist to inspect the nasal structure for any signs of trauma.

While not as common as nasal injuries, nose problems can also be in the form of congenital malformations, such as nasal dermoids, which refer to a group of nasal anomalies that include nasal clefts, gliomas, encephaloceles, epignathus, and nasopharyngeal teratoma, to name a few.

The majority of nasal problems are due to medical conditions that affect one or more parts of the nose. Some of the most common are:

Various forms of sinusitis: In general, sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinuses

Empty Nose Syndrome

: ENS is a condition characterized by severe dryness of the nasal passageway and the feeling of nasal obstruction.

Cystic Fibrosis: CF is a serious disease that not only affects the sinuses but the lungs and digestive tract as well.

Epistaxis (nosebleeds): This condition is characterized by blood flowing through the nasal cavity.

Upper Respiratory Infections: The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, sinuses, throat, and larynx. A URI results in nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, headaches, low-grade fever, and ear fullness.

Nasal Allergies

: These result in nasal congestion, sneezing, and other symptoms similar to the common cold.

Smell & Taste Disorders: This can be caused by nasal blockage or damage to the olfactory (sense of smell) cleft nerve.

Sinus Tumors: Although rare, these can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leaks

: A tear in the dura (brain lining) results in the draining of CSF through the nasal passageway.

Epiphora: Excessive tearing is often the result of a blocked portion of the nose called the nasolacrimal ducts. These ducts direct the flow of tears from the eyes to the nose.

Key Symptoms
The symptoms of nose problems vary depending on the exact problem. Some of the most common medical symptoms are sneezing, nasal congestion, headaches, fever, and reduced smelling and tasting abilities.

Deformities in the nasal region can be visible or hidden within the nasal structure. These can also result in many symptoms similar to that of medical conditions that affect the nose.

Injuries, on the other hand, not only result in deformity of the bone, cartilage, and skin but can also seriously affect the nose’s ability to perform its primary tasks.

Who to See

; Types of Treatment Available
If you experience the symptoms listed above, you must consult your family doctor who will perform initial tests and assessment. If the cause of the nose problem is injury or if the condition progresses, it’s likely that you’ll be referred to an ENT specialist who will provide further evaluation and treatment.

The methods used in treating nose problems depend on the exact cause of the condition. If the cause is a viral infection, most doctors prefer to wait it out. Medications, such as analgesics and antipyretics are usually enough to manage the symptoms. However, if a bacterial infection is the primary cause, antibiotics will be used to treat the infection.

Surgery is often only considered when medications have failed to improve the condition or when there is a deformity of any part of the nose that affects the person’s way of life. In the case of injuries, surgery may be required to reconstruct the damaged bone, skin, or cartilage.

One of the reasons why surgery is often considered as the last option is the possibility of complications. For example, sinus surgeries that involve the septum and turbinates can result in bleeding, intracranial complications, nasal obstruction, and impaired sense of smell and taste. It might even affect the appearance of the nose.

Whenever possible, many people prefer to attempt home remedies instead of consulting their doctors. It’s important to understand that although some remedies are effective, some can aggravate the condition. A good example is the incorrect usage of nasal sprays.

Nasal sprays can be easily purchased over-the-counter at a local pharmacy. However, many people are not aware of the correct procedure for using them. Incorrect usage can result in complications, such as a nosebleed. Overusing the product or using it on a regular basis may result in a rebound effect, wherein the nose no longer responds to the medication, making you use more and more, thus making it seemingly addictive. When you stop using the medication, the congestion may even worsen.

To avoid complications, avoid self-medication as much as possible and consult a doctor right away if your experience the symptoms of nose problems.

Ear Wax

If you grew up thinking earwax is kind of icky and gross, you’re not alone. There’s nothing cute about finding a gooey yellow substance in your ears. Yuck! But earwax is actually very helpful to your overall health.

Think of your ears as a self-cleaning oven. Things like chewing and talking keep your jaw in motion. That motion churns your earwax and keeps it moving.


1 – What is earwax made of?

Our bodies naturally produce all kinds of secretions that we just accept as normal. But if you really think about it, how do we produce earwax? Where exactly does it come from?

Earwax is made up of sloughed skin and hair cells and debris that gets trapped in our ear canals. The medical term for it is cerumen. It can be yellow, orange or even grayish. Earwax provides more than protection, it keeps your ears properly lubricated. That means they don’t feel dry and itchy. Plus, studies of human cerumen reveal it reduces effects of many potentially harmful bacteria and fungi.

Earwax is made up of sloughed skin and hair cells and debris that gets trapped in our ear canals. The medical term for it is cerumen. It can be yellow, orange or even grayish. Earwax provides more than protection, it keeps your ears properly lubricated. That means they don’t feel dry and itchy. Plus, studies of human cerumen reveal it reduces effects of many potentially harmful bacteria and fungi.

2 – Earwax is sticky for a reason

If you’ve dealt with earwax, you know it’s super sticky like a little glob of glue. Well, you’ll be happy to know it’s sticky for a good reason. Your earwax protects your ear canals from dryness, bacteria, environmental debris and dirt, but it also protects your ears from little insects.

Yep, your earwax is natural bug repellent! It actually has an odor to tiny insects that keeps them away from your ears. If a small bug tries to crawl inside, your earwax acts like fly paper, so the insect gets stuck.

3 – Your earwax says things about you

The appearance of your earwax can tell you a little something about your health. If you have children, you may remember they’d usually have soft, orange or yellow earwax. That’s totally normal and indicates good healthy earwax production. Adults tend to have harder earwax that is darker. The darker color is due to more dirt and bacteria being trapped.

If you see dark brown earwax tinged with red, that can indicate a bleeding injury. If your earwax is runny and cloudy, that can indicate an infection in the ear canal. If it’s black, that can indicate a serious blockage or a foreign object is trapped in your ear canal. In that case, an immediate visit to the doctor is required.

4 – Enter at your own risk

You’ve probably heard the saying, “don’t put anything in your ear smaller than your elbow.” Many people make the mistake of using cotton swabs the wrong way. Sure, you can swab the outer creases of your ear, but you’re never supposed to put anything deeper in your ear canal. That plan can backfire by pushing earwax deeper into your ear canal, causing greater buildup or damage your ear drum.

It may be tempting to mess with it, but you’re supposed to leave earwax alone. It naturally dries up or flakes off on its own. No cotton swabs required!

5 – When enough is too much

Earwax can become problematic when your body is producing too much of it and it’s not self-cleaning fast enough to keep our ear canal clear. Too much earwax can result in a blockage that may cause discomfort or hearing loss. This occurs more frequently in older adults.

There are different pros and cons but finding a balance is important dont use too much of buds to clean but dont clean too much that it spoils the the protective layer of your ear drum.

Take Care Of Your Health
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How Do You take Care Of Your Ear?

Stress

stress

Stress has become the most commonly faced problem in today’s
time. It’s the biggest drug that’s making people look double their age.
So many things cause stress. As a leader, we are constantly bombarded by urgent requests and employee concerns which affect not only our productivity but also our mental health. And the thing is, it is not only our work and our teammates which cause stress but also other things that go on in our lives—be it personal or otherwise. But one thing is certain, we all experience stress one way or another.

Do you know that sense of fulfillment after overcoming a challenge?That is the rush of dopamine in your system. Dopamine is also known as the happy hormone. This is the hormone responsible for making us feel pleasure and satisfaction, as well as see rewards and move toward them. That is why you feel ready for the next challenge immediately after completing one. It is not just adrenaline which keeps you moving; dopamine can get you there, too. And this hormone is released when overcoming a stressful challenge.

Once we understand how our view of stress is the problem and not stress itself, we are better equipped to manage it. Here are several things you can do to manage stress. First is to learn how to take breaks. It is perfectly okay to take breaks when in a stressful situation. You can take a walk or go to the office lounge just to clear your mind and give your mind a break. This will keep you grounded and help you look at the challenge with fresh eyes.

Listen to relaxing music

or play soothing background music to help alleviate a stressful situation. Music has a way of lowering blood pressure and calming the senses so you can focus more on a solution to the challenge you face.
To give you an instant push, you can eat a bit of chocolate. Chocolate helps the body release endorphins, which relax you and put you in a better mood to handle the challenge. Endorphin is another type of hormone which acts as an analgesic and reduces the feeling of pain. This, in turn, will help you focus more on ways to overcome a challenge rather than worry about it. Another way to release endorphins is to have a good laugh. Laughter has so many benefits and it is no wonder it can also mitigate stress. For long-term effects, exercise goes a long way in ensuring your body regularly releases endorphins and is fit to face any challenge.

Knowing that stress is not the problem is the first step in managing it. After doing so, you can do a lot in ensuring stress propels you and gives you the needed energy to overcome whatever challenge you face. We all experience stress but knowing what to do when we encounter it makes the difference between succumbing to it or rising to the challenge.